We are the combination of four hospitals: the General Hospital, the Children’s Hospital, the Women’s Hospital and the Traumatology, Rehabilitation and Burns Hospital. We are part of the Vall d’Hebron Barcelona Hospital Campus: a world-leading health park where healthcare plays a crucial role.
Below we will list the departments and units that form part of Vall d’Hebron Hospital and the main diseases that we treat. We will also make recommendations based on advice backed up by scientific evidence that has been shown to be effective in guaranteeing well-being and quality of life.
We will guide you from your first visit to the centre, allowing you to find all the departments and make the most of our facilities. Whatever the reason for your visit, we will explain how to get about the hospital.
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a disorder of the arteries that connect the lungs to the heart. Symptoms are shortness of breath or laboured breathing (dyspnoea).
Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a rare and serious condition that affects the pulmonary artery system. As the disease progresses, blood flow reduces. To compensate for this, the right side of the heart grows excessively, creating breathing difficulties.
It is defined by a rise in pulmonary artery pressure caused by abnormalities in the precapillary pulmonary arterioles due to uncontrolled hypertrophy, hyperplasia and proliferation.
Dyspnoea, syncope, palpitations.
It affects children and adults, especially women (65-80%) and usually appears in adulthood.
In around 50% of cases of pulmonary arterial hypertension the cause is unknown. The other 50% are related to:
In Spain there are 16 cases for every million adults and the incidence rate is 3.7 for every million adults per year.
Diagnosis is via a series of tests:
Although they will not cure it, there are several treatments that can significantly improve the condition, its prognosis and patients’ quality of life.
We are fortunate to have access to all the pharmaceuticals beneficial in fighting this disease:
The decision about the most suitable drugs for each patient needs to be made by centres with experience. Lastly, if these measures are insufficient, a lung transplant can be considered in some cases.
Taking anorectics, amphetamines and cocaine should be avoided. The HIV virus can also cause this condition and all factors, principally alcohol, that may lead to liver failure. Apart from these measures there are no other means of prevention and efforts should focus on early detection.
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