We are the combination of four hospitals: the General Hospital, the Children’s Hospital, the Women’s Hospital and the Traumatology, Rehabilitation and Burns Hospital. We are part of the Vall d’Hebron Barcelona Hospital Campus: a world-leading health park where healthcare plays a crucial role.
Below we will list the departments and units that form part of Vall d’Hebron Hospital and the main diseases that we treat. We will also make recommendations based on advice backed up by scientific evidence that has been shown to be effective in guaranteeing well-being and quality of life.
We will guide you from your first visit to the centre, allowing you to find all the departments and make the most of our facilities. Whatever the reason for your visit, we will explain how to get about the hospital.
A tumour is an abnormal growth of tissue. In the case of orbital tumours, this growth is located in the tissues around the eye, which may be muscles, bones, fat, the lacrimal gland, nerves and blood vessels. They are rare tumours of several different types that may appear at any age. Orbital tumours may be benign or malignant. Benign tumours may cause pain due to compressing or displacing the different structures in the eye socket. Malignant tumours, on the other hand, as well as spreading to neighbouring tissue, may produce metastasis in other unconnected organs or lymphatic nodules.
The most common symptom is a protrusion of the eyeball out of its socket, known as “exophthalmos”. However it can also cause loss of vision due to compression of the optic nerve, double vision, pain and can limit the movement of the eyeball.
In some cases, tumours may be present in the eye socket for an entire lifetime with no symptoms.
It is hard to know the exact number of people affected by orbital tumours as it is a rare kind of tumour that includes several variants.
Benign tumours are the most common; capillary haemangiomas and dermoid cysts in children, and cavernous haemangiomas in adults.
The most common malignant tumours in children include rhabdomyosarcoma, and in adults lymphoma cancers of the lacrimal gland and metastases.
Imaging studies (CT and nuclear magnetic resonance scans) allow precise location of the tumour, its size to be measured and certain biological characteristics to be known. This information, together with the patient's age and the speed of the tumour's growth, enables an initial assessment of whether or not it is malignant.
A definitive diagnosis is made after a biopsy of part or all of the tumour.
In most cases, the main treatment is surgery to remove the tumour and therefore avoid the damage it may cause if left to grow within the eye socket by compressing or displacing the eyeball and other structures.
Modern-day orbital surgery techniques allow extraction of the tumour by making small incisions in areas that are hidden or not very visible. This enables faster postoperative recovery.
In the case of malignant tumours, different combinations of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy are used. It should be noted that regular check ups are needed after treatment.
Where there are no symptoms, observation and monitoring of the speed of growth is usually sufficient.
There are currently no preventative guidelines to reduce the risk of orbital tumours.
Abdominal wall surgery
Clinical and molecular genetics
Corneal and Ocular Surface Section
Inherited Heart Disease
Colon and Rectal Surgery
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Tobacco cessation (quitting smoking)
Anaesthesia, Resuscitation and Pain Management
General and Digestive Surgery
Endocrine, Metabolic, and Bariatric Surgery
Congenital Heart Disease in Adolescents and Adults
Uveitis and Eye Inflammation
Angiology, Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Surgery
Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery and Transplants
Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology
Oculoplastic and Orbital Surgery
Thoracic Surgery and Lung Transplants
Endocrinology and Nutrition
Paediatric Oncological Surgery Unit
Diagnostic and Interventional Haemodynamics
Echocardiogram and cardiac imaging unit
Hereditary Angioedema Unit
Physics and Radiation Protection
Intensive care medicine
Coronary care unit
Cardiovascular Critical Care Unit
Strokes and Cerebral Haemodynamics
Haematology and Haemotherapy
Otolaryngology (Ear, Nose and Throat)
Aortic pathology and Marfan syndrome
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