We are the combination of four hospitals: the General Hospital, the Children’s Hospital, the Women’s Hospital and the Traumatology, Rehabilitation and Burns Hospital. We are part of the Vall d’Hebron Barcelona Hospital Campus: a world-leading health park where healthcare plays a crucial role.
Below we will list the departments and units that form part of Vall d’Hebron Hospital and the main diseases that we treat. We will also make recommendations based on advice backed up by scientific evidence that has been shown to be effective in guaranteeing well-being and quality of life.
We will guide you from your first visit to the centre, allowing you to find all the departments and make the most of our facilities. Whatever the reason for your visit, we will explain how to get about the hospital.
Migraine is a type of chronic headache characterised by repeated episodes of intense pain that can prevent those affected from going about their daily life.
According to the WHO, it ranks 7th in the list of most debilitating illnesses as it can result in years of inactivity, in suffering and a lack of productivity.
Migraine is the result of activation or irritation of the trigeminal nerve fibres. This nerve has three branches that transmit sensation in the head. The fibres of the first branch surround the blood vessels found in the membranes known as the meninges.
The meninges are made up of different layers of tissue that lie over the brain and it is in these structures where we feel the pain. It is the membrane covering it, not the brain itself, where the pain is felt.
During a migraine, the meninges become inflamed as a consequence of inflammatory substances being released from the trigeminal fibres. This inflammation, or non-infectious “meningitis” is responsible for producing the pain and means that it increases or worsens when upon moving the head. For this reason, resting and staying still brings relief.
A migraine attack may last from 4 to 72 hours. This type of headache may occur any number of times, from once a year to several times in succession.
This condition is three times more common in women than men. It generally starts before thirty years of age and no later than fifty.
There is often a family history of migraine. It can be triggered by various stimuli such as food and drink (cheese, red wine, chocolate), intense odours, bright lights, changes in the weather, changes in sleep patterns, hormonal changes and stress.
The symptoms a patient describes must be taken into account when making a diagnosis. A detailed physical and neurological examination should then be carried out, which should be normal in a person with migraine.
After this first stage, the health professional will decide whether additional examinations are necessary to confirm it is migraine and not another illness.
Certain conditions require further medical investigation such as when:
Although there is no cure for migraine, the right treatment can relieve the pain and prevent it occurring.
The first group includes anti-inflammatories, paracetamol, ergotamine and its derivatives, and drugs generically known as triptans. Preventative treatment is advisable when migraines are very frequent and do not respond well to symptomatic treatment.
The choice of a symptomatic or preventative treatment should be decided and monitored by a doctor. It is very important not to self-medicate to avoid chronic headaches that may be triggered by abusing analgesic medication. If used often or in large doses, both prescription and non-prescription medications can cause other problems.
One way to prevent migraine is to try to avoid the things that trigger it. However, some trigger factors are outside our control, such as migraine caused by menstruation or certain weather conditions.
Keeping a regular schedule and avoiding certain food and drink that may cause migraine, as well as getting enough sleep, are important to prevent it. It is important to have a balanced lifestyle with regular mealtimes and bedtimes.
Frequent and gentle exercise also helps reduce the illness.
You can find more information on the blog Midolordecabeza.org
Health tips for patients with migraines
Abdominal wall surgery
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Uveitis and Eye Inflammation
Strokes and Cerebral Haemodynamics
Colon and Rectal Surgery
Endocrine, Metabolic, and Bariatric Surgery
Intensive care medicine
Oculoplastic and Orbital Surgery
General and Digestive Surgery
Paediatric Oncological Surgery Unit
Anaesthesia, Resuscitation and Pain Management
Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery and Transplants
Endocrinology and Nutrition
Echocardiogram and cardiac imaging unit
Hereditary Angioedema Unit
Angiology, Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Surgery
Thoracic Surgery and Lung Transplants
Diagnostic and Interventional Haemodynamics
Coronary care unit
Cardiovascular Critical Care Unit
Otolaryngology (Ear, Nose and Throat)
Congenital Heart Disease in Adolescents and Adults
Aortic pathology and Marfan syndrome
Inherited Heart Disease
Haematology and Haemotherapy
Corneal and Ocular Surface Section
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