We are the combination of four hospitals: the General Hospital, the Children’s Hospital, the Women’s Hospital and the Traumatology, Rehabilitation and Burns Hospital. We are part of the Vall d’Hebron Barcelona Hospital Campus: a world-leading health park where healthcare plays a crucial role.
Below we will list the departments and units that form part of Vall d’Hebron Hospital and the main diseases that we treat. We will also make recommendations based on advice backed up by scientific evidence that has been shown to be effective in guaranteeing well-being and quality of life.
We will guide you from your first visit to the centre, allowing you to find all the departments and make the most of our facilities. Whatever the reason for your visit, we will explain how to get about the hospital.
Acetabular, or hip, dysplasia in teenagers and young adults is a malformation of the hip. It is characterised by loss of the concavity of the socket (shallow and flat) and the acetabular ceiling becoming vertical, being badly positioned and covering the head of the femur in a way that creates instability in the hip.
The onset of pain is usually gradual, but it can sometimes be sudden if there is an increase in physical or sporting activity, weight gain or pregnancy.
Despite routine clinical examination and ultrasound on new-borns for detection and early treatment of developmental hip dysplasia, this disorder is still the most common cause of acetabular dysplasia in teenagers and young adults, and the reason behind over 50% of degenerative hip osteoarthritis requiring surgery to fit a full or partial prosthesis, or other techniques to preserve the hip.
Most cases are caused by developmental hip dysplasia, but in others, abnormal development and growth of the acetabulum is due to a deformity on the head of the femur. Excessive pressure on the joint means the cartilage deteriorates more quickly than normal.
The incidence rate in adults is very variable. The incidence of developmental hip dysplasia is 1 or 2% in new-borns and 60% of hip osteoarthritis originates in acetabular dysplasia.
Physical examination may be normal or cause pain in the groin when the hip is flexed with internal rotation and hip adduction. This “impingement test” shows an interjoint anomaly.
An AP standing x-ray and false profile and axial view of the hip are useful to diagnose and assess the severity of the condition. The high-resolution MRI in our centre allows us to see the structures and quality of the cartilage in the joint. If there is still any doubt, an arthroscopy can be performed.
Early diagnosis of developmental hip dysplasia through routine physical examination (Barlow and Ortolani tests) during the prenatal period and an ultrasound of the hip enable early treatment and prevention of residual acetabular dysplasia.
Health tips for caring people who have had a pelvic osteotomy in hip dysplasia
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