We are the combination of four hospitals: the General Hospital, the Children’s Hospital, the Women’s Hospital and the Traumatology, Rehabilitation and Burns Hospital. We are part of the Vall d’Hebron Barcelona Hospital Campus: a world-leading health park where healthcare plays a crucial role.
Below we will list the departments and units that form part of Vall d’Hebron Hospital and the main diseases that we treat. We will also make recommendations based on advice backed up by scientific evidence that has been shown to be effective in guaranteeing well-being and quality of life.
Vols saber com serà la teva estada a l’Hospital Universitari Vall d’Hebron? Aquí trobaràs tota la informació.
It is a cancer found in the bones and soft tissue. Ewing's sarcoma is the second most common cancer in children, and normally occurs between ten and twenty years old. It is also more common in males than in females. Ewing's sarcoma and primitive neuroectodermal tumours (PNET) are cancers encompassing different types of malignant tumours that share a common chromosomic abnormality. Ewing’s tumours are made up of small undifferentiated cells and tend to be most commonly found in the long bones of the leg or arm, in the flat bones of the ribs and pelvis, or in the spine. They may also occur in any other bone or in soft tissue.
Ewing's tumours located in soft tissue are called extraskeletal Ewing’s sarcoma. They tend to be found in the thigh, pelvis, parts of the spine, the chest wall and the foot.
Primitive neuroectodermal tumours in bones and soft tissue are the least common type of Ewing’s sarcoma. They are made up of immature nerve cells.
The most common symptoms of Ewing’s sarcoma are:
There may also be a lump or swelling around the affected bone or tissue. During diagnosis it is very common to discover a pathological fracture (a non-traumatic fracture) due the fact that the tumour has weakened the bone. Weight loss and fever are other very common symptoms of this kind of tumour.
Malignant neoplasms in children and teenagers are rare, but they are one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in these age groups. Ewing’s sarcoma represents 3 % of cancers diagnosed in children throughout Spain. Every year there are around 30 new cases in children under 14 years of age.
If a child shows symptoms of this sarcoma, the doctor will carry out several diagnostic tests which may include:
These tests will help to determine the size and location of the tumour and whether it has spread to other parts of the body.
Three kinds of treatment are often used to treat Ewing’s tumours. Chemotherapy is always used. In addition, surgery (whether to save or amputate the limb) and radiotherapy are used for local control of the tumour. The type of treatment depends on the child's age, the location of the tumour and whether it has spread to other parts of the body.
There are currently no measures to prevent this kind of tumour.
Health tips for patients with sarcoma or other musculoskeletal tumours
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