We are the combination of four hospitals: the General Hospital, the Children’s Hospital, the Women’s Hospital and the Traumatology, Rehabilitation and Burns Hospital. We are part of the Vall d’Hebron Barcelona Hospital Campus: a world-leading health park where healthcare plays a crucial role.
Below we will list the departments and units that form part of Vall d’Hebron Hospital and the main diseases that we treat. We will also make recommendations based on advice backed up by scientific evidence that has been shown to be effective in guaranteeing well-being and quality of life.
We will guide you from your first visit to the centre, allowing you to find all the departments and make the most of our facilities. Whatever the reason for your visit, we will explain how to get about the hospital.
The common cold is a mild upper respiratory infection caused by a virus. It spreads from person to person through the air, in droplets expelled from coughing and sneezing, and from close personal contact by hand.It usually starts through the nose and throat and may later descend to the bronchial tubes. It generally clears up without treatment after a few days. It is more frequent in the winter and spring. The infection spreads more easily with certain factors: contact with small children, regular smoking, malnutrition and/or stress.
Cold symptoms generally abate spontaneously within 7-10 day, may vary from one person to another and are as follows:
The common cold may aggravate chronic illnesses such as asthma, pulmonary emphysema and bronchitis.
Its most common complications are sinusitis, otitis media, bronchitis and pneumonia.
It should be distinguished from the flu, which is also a disease caused by a virus. The flu occurs in winter epidemics, during the coldest months of the year. Its symptoms suddenly appear, with high fever (39ºC - 40ºC), muscular pain, headache and sore throat, general malaise, blocked nose and dry cough. It may cause diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting, especially in young children.
Colds are a highly prevalent infection that affects adults between two and six times a year, and children between six and ten times a year. School-age children are the main individuals affected and the virus’s main transmission reservoir and focus. Although it is a benign disease, the common cold may be a reason for sick leave.
It is diagnosed by a doctor based on the symptoms described by the patient and the signs detected during the physical examination. No diagnostic tests are required.
Antibiotics do not cure colds. In fact, there is no medication that cures them, though there are some medicines, such as paracetamol, which help to tackle the symptoms. There is also a series of useful recommendations for treating cold symptoms:
Colds can clear up without assistance from a professional health worker. A family-medicine professional may be consulted in the following cases:
Otherwise you should avoid using emergency hospital services, unless instructed by your doctor. Rational use of the emergency services prevents its collapse and enables serious cases to be properly attended to.
There are no vaccines for colds. The flu vaccines protects against the flu but not colds.
The disease spreads through direct contact with infected individuals:
The best way of protecting yourself and preventing the virus from spreading is by following good hygiene practices. This helps to reduce transmission of the virus and is the most effective action for protecting yourself and those around you:
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