Chronic leukaemia

The most common form is chronic myeloid leukaemia and this sheet refers exclusively to this form of leukaemia. It is a form of abnormal cell growth (neoplasia) that originates in immature multipotent blood cells (stem cells) and gives rise to red blood cells, platelets and white blood cells.

It is characterised by cellular proliferation of white blood cells with cytogenetic alteration that consists of the appearance of an abnormal chromosome known as the Philadelphia chromosome. The Philadelphia chromosome is also seen in other processes, such as acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, and diagnostic differentiation is required to distinguish which process is occurring. Chronic myeloid leukaemia may also involve red blood cell and platelet disorders, and is characterised by its chronicity. This disease serves to illustrate the revolution that has taken place in the last few years with targeted therapies in abnormal blood cell growth.

leucèmia crònica Vall d'Hebron
Authorship: Vall d'Hebron
Creation date: 17.12.2021, 10:03
Modification date: 31.01.2022, 12:44
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