We are the combination of four hospitals: the General Hospital, the Children’s Hospital, the Women’s Hospital and the Traumatology, Rehabilitation and Burns Hospital. We are part of the Vall d’Hebron Barcelona Hospital Campus: a world-leading health park where healthcare plays a crucial role.
Below we will list the departments and units that form part of Vall d’Hebron Hospital and the main diseases that we treat. We will also make recommendations based on advice backed up by scientific evidence that has been shown to be effective in guaranteeing well-being and quality of life.
We will guide you from your first visit to the centre, allowing you to find all the departments and make the most of our facilities. Whatever the reason for your visit, we will explain how to get about the hospital.
Autoinflammatory syndromes are a group of conditions characterised by spontaneous, recurring or persistent episodes of multi-systemic inflammation. They are caused by changes to innate immunity that cause deregulation of the immune system. Autoinflammatory conditions, due to various genetic mutations, cause a pathological hyperactivity in this structure, which unleashes abnormal, continuous inflammatory activity. The number of conditions the group includes has increased since then, due to the advances in genetics and immunology.
The main symptom of many of the conditions included in the group is repeated episodes of fever, which spontaneously disappear after a few days, only to reappear again cyclically after a variable period of time. This fever is not caused by an infection and, therefore, does not respond to treatment with antibiotics or antiviral medication. Depending on the genetic defect, these conditions may be associated with a wide diversity of other manifestations, including skin, abdominal, joints, eyes or lungs.
All the conditions within the group are infrequent and have an incidence of less than 5 cases per 10,000 inhabitants, for which reason they are considered to be rare conditions. The majority appear in infancy or adolescence.
Recent progress with research has clearly shown that some fevers where the cause is not found are provoked by a genetic defect.
Depending on whether or not they have a genetic cause, they can be classified as follows:
The diagnosis is based on the clinical features of each patient’s clinical picture. Blood tests are important in diagnosing the various autoinflammatory conditions, as they enable detection of the existence of inflammation. These analyses are repeated when the child is asymptomatic to see if they have normalised. Molecular or genetic analysis enables detection of the presence of mutations involved in the development of autoinflammatory conditions which are studied in patients suspected of suffering from them according to the features of the clinical picture. The diagnosis is confirmed when the patient shows evidence of being a mutation carrier and it is often necessary to study family members too.
Treatment fundamentally depends on the type of condition and the response to the therapy chosen. For example, for familial Mediterranean fever, the treatment of choice is colchicine. Other treatments used on the various autoinflammatory conditions are cytokine inhibitors, such as IL-1 or the tumour necrosis factor α. Close monitoring of the patient is essential to prevent complications arising in the long term.
Bone Metabolism Unit
Inflammation and Autoimmunity Unit
Paediatric Rheumatology Unit
Paediatric Infectious Diseases and Immunodeficiencies Unit
Musculoskeletal Techniques and Ultrasound Unit
Clinical and molecular genetics
Hereditary Angioedema Unit
Inherited Heart Disease
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