We are the combination of four hospitals: the General Hospital, the Children’s Hospital, the Women’s Hospital and the Traumatology, Rehabilitation and Burns Hospital. We are part of the Vall d’Hebron Barcelona Hospital Campus: a world-leading health park where healthcare plays a crucial role.
Below we will list the departments and units that form part of Vall d’Hebron Hospital and the main diseases that we treat. We will also make recommendations based on advice backed up by scientific evidence that has been shown to be effective in guaranteeing well-being and quality of life.
We will guide you from your first visit to the centre, allowing you to find all the departments and make the most of our facilities. Whatever the reason for your visit, we will explain how to get about the hospital.
It is a hole in the partition that separates the two atria and that causes the right side of the heart to be overloaded. Children with ASD do not show symptoms, even though the right side of the body has to work with a much larger volume of blood.
Depending on the position of the atrial septal defect, ASD is classified into three types:
“Ostium Primum” is considered a different defect due to the damage associated with it.
ASD is one of the most common heart defects (6-10%) and is more common in women.
In most cases, children with ASD show no symptoms. For this reason, it is detected when listening to the heart during a routine examination detects a heart murmur. In that case, an echocardiogram should be carried out on the patient to identify the defect and determine treatment options.
When the defect is small with no significant blood flow no procedure may be necessary. On the other hand, if this is significant, the characteristics of the ASD must be assessed to decide if it is necessary to close it via catheterization or surgery.
Closure via catheterization consists of inserting a device to close the defect and stop blood passing from one chamber of the heart to the other.
When the defect is large or its shape prevents the percutaneous device entering, this closure must be performed through surgery. The procedure consists of fitting a patch over the hole in the partition, made either from synthetic material or tissue taken from the patient themselves.
Children who have undergone ASD closure have a similar life expectancy and quality of life to healthy patients. In fact, the survival rate is over 99.7%. In contrast, patients with ASD who do not undergo surgery see a decline in their life expectancy after forty years old.
Anatomy of the heart
Congenital Heart Disease in Adolescents and Adults
Echocardiogram and cardiac imaging unit
Aortic pathology and Marfan syndrome
Cardiovascular Critical Care Unit
Inherited Heart Disease
Diagnostic and Interventional Haemodynamics
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