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Lower back pain

Lumbàlgia Vall d'Hebron

The lower part of the back has to carry the weight of the upper body and enables the torso to move, bend and stretch. Most lower back pain is the result of injury to muscles, ligaments, joints or spinal discs.

Lower back pain is limited to the lumbar region of the back, and may be associated with radiating pains and/or numbness in the legs.

Most acute lower back pain originates in muscles or ligaments, and is self-limiting, although it can still be incapacitating. It is usually the result of injury to muscles, ligaments, joints or spinal discs.

Description

Chronic lower back pain is defined as pain persisting for more than 3 months, and is one of the most frequent and costly musculoskeletal problems of modern society. It is estimated that up to 80% of the adult population will suffer from lower back pain at some time in their lives. The most common causes of chronic lower back pain include degenerative disc disease, lumbar facet arthrosis, spondylolisthesis, facet dysfunction, herniated disc, lumbar spinal stenosis, the after-effects of trauma or deformity, among others.

 

Symptoms

Pain in the lower back, which is usually mechanical in nature.

Who is affected by the condition?

it can affect up to 80% of the population. In the case of younger people, it is usually caused by trauma and/or inflammation, while among the older population the cause is usually degenerative.

Diagnosis

The main diagnostic tools are patient history and physical examination. They can be complemented by scans, which are helpful when considering invasive treatments.

Typical treatment

Relative rest, local heat, medication, changes to activity. Once the acute pain episode is over, rehabilitation treatment can begin, with physiotherapy and back school therapy. There are cases where the causes of the pain indicate a need for surgery, and after more conservative therapies have been tried, an operation is required.

Typical tests:

X-rays, tomography and MRI

Prevention

Regular exercise and posture correction.

 

Hospital o serveis complementaris relacionats

Traumatology, Rehabilitation and Burns Hospital

Where to find it
     
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