It is characterised by increased platelet production and is associated with greater risk of clotting in the arteries and veins, or in some cases with bleeding.
It is a chronic illness that cannot currently be cured, with a normally benign evolution. It can be effectively controlled over long periods and generally has little impact on daily activities and work. Patients with this condition have increased risk compared to the general population of developing other blood diseases, such as acute leukaemia or myelofibrosis.
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Many patients show no symptoms, either when they are initially diagnosed or as the condition evolves. Different combinations of symptoms may appear, such as tiredness, itching, night time sweating, aching bones and headaches.
The severity of symptoms varies a lot depending on the patient.
How is affected by ythe condition?
It is considered a rare disease, with a low incidence of 1.5-3 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. It mainly affects people aged 60-70 years and to a lesser extent young people. It is more common in women
It is normally diagnosed through blood tests that show a sustained increase in platelet count.
A bone marrow biopsy can be performed for diagnosis, which, together with the analysis, will allow the determination of risk factors for the progression of the disease, which in turn guide treatment.
It is usually associated with genetic mutations that support diagnosis.
Administering antiplatelets or drugs to reduce the number of platelets is not always indicated.
The aim of treatment is to prevent complications due to clotting and bleeding, as well as controlling the symptoms related to this condition. Depending on the risks and symptoms, the haematologist will therefore determine when to start treatment.
There are special circumstances, such as pregnancy, in which a multidisciplinary approach is required.
It is usually controlled by analysis.
The most important thing is to prevent clotting complications associated with this condition by controlling cardiovascular risk factors (high blood pressure, dyslipidaemia, smoking, obesity, sedentary lifestyle) and following the treatment recommended by your haematologist.
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