We are the combination of four hospitals: the General Hospital, the Children’s Hospital, the Women’s Hospital and the Traumatology, Rehabilitation and Burns Hospital. We are part of the Vall d’Hebron Barcelona Hospital Campus: a world-leading health park where healthcare plays a crucial role.
Below we will list the departments and units that form part of Vall d’Hebron Hospital and the main diseases that we treat. We will also make recommendations based on advice backed up by scientific evidence that has been shown to be effective in guaranteeing well-being and quality of life.
We will guide you from your first visit to the centre, allowing you to find all the departments and make the most of our facilities. Whatever the reason for your visit, we will explain how to get about the hospital.
Neuromuscular disease is a chronic illness that results in serious disability, loss of independence, and with significant psychosocial consequences. Respiratory alterations are the main cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with neuromuscular diseases. They are significantly affected by the evolution of the disease and are the reason for multiple hospital admissions where the patient’s life is seriously endangered.
The main causes of respiratory impairment are hypoventilation due to weak inspiratory muscles and a lack of ability to cough due to weak expiratory muscles. Ventilatory support via non-invasive mechanical ventilation or tracheotomy can prevent or reverse ventilatory failure in these patients.
The loss of expiratory strength means that patients are unable to expel bronchial secretions. If the bulbar muscles are also affected and patients run the risk of inhaling saliva, the contents of the mouth or food, this can induce multiple respiratory infections, pneumonia and atelectasis which results in obstruction of the airway and seriously endangers the patient's life.
The combination of non-invasive mechanical ventilation to assist coughing decreases morbidity and hospital admissions for these patients.
There are currently around 60,000 people with the condition in Spain.
In the Cardiorespiratory Rehabilitation Unit, we monitor maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure (MIP and MEP) and peak expiratory flow (PEF), also known as peak cough flow (PCF) and carry out spirometry.
Treatment goals are focused on controlling the evolution of the ventilatory failure and avoiding or improving episodes of respiratory failure. To achieve these objectives, manual techniques or equipment have to be used. These are techniques to encourage pulmonary expansion, manually assist coughing, and others.
One very important objective is to train the main carer in physiotherapy techniques in order to avoid possible complications in the respiratory system.
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