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Adult congenital heart disease

cardiopaties-congenites-adult

Adult congenital heart diseases are pathologies that are caused by heart defects, and they are usually diagnosed during childhood. These patients are closely monitored by the Adult Congenital Heart Disease Unit (UCCA) starting from the time of their diagnosis.

Description

Symptoms

The symptoms of these pathologies vary widely, depending on the structure(s) affected. They are often highly complex pathologies that involve, in addition to the malformation, a haemodynamic situation that’s different from the physiological situation and that limits or disrupts the patients’ lives.

 

Who is affected by the disease?

These illnesses are present in patients from birth, even though they are sometimes not diagnosed until adulthood.

 

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of these disorders is highly variable, depending on the type. However, they require, in addition to a correct medical history and physical examination, heart imaging tests such as an echocardiogram (transthoracic or transoesophageal), MRI, CT angiography, or other diagnostic tests such as cardiac catheterisation.

 

Typical treatment

Medical treatment is important to improve the symptoms of these affected patients. However, most of them require one or more corrective surgeries at some point in their lives.

 

Prevention

There is no way to prevent a congenital heart defect. In recent years, however, the focus has been on developing prenatal diagnostic techniques.

 

Related departments that treat this condition

 The Cardiac Surgery Department and the Adult Congenital Heart Disease Unit within the Cardiology Department work in collaboration.

Hospital o serveis complementaris relacionats

General Hospital

Where to find it
      
Related professionals
Dr. Rafael
Rodríguez Lecoq
Head of Department
Cardiac Surgery
Dra. Paula
Resta Bond
Doctor
Cardiac Surgery