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Treatment of diabetes

Tractament de la diabetis a Vall d'Hebron

Diabetes is an illness that manifests itself as an increase in blood glucose, which is called hyperglycaemia. There are two types, type 1 and 2. 

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The goal of treatment of the disease is to reduce it, and maintain normal glucose values in the blood, glycaemia.

To achieve this, there are two types of medication: non-insulin hypoglycaemics and insulin. The non-insulin treatment is used to reduce glycaemia and is only used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus, when diet and physical exercise are not enough to regulate the level of sugar in the blood.

Type 1 diabetes must be treated with insulin, a hormone that is essential for life that is normally created by our bodies, and which needs to be replaced when a patient is unable to generate it. Insulin cannot be administered orally meaning it needs to be administered subcutaneously, usually with pre-filled pen injectors.

Although insulin treatment is essential in treating type 1 diabetes, patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus may also need it at some point in their illness.

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