The retina sub-specialism is a branch of ophthalmology concerned with studying, diagnosing and treating retina, uvea and vitreous conditions.
Among the pathologies tackled by this sub-specialism are pathologies of the retina that require medical treatment, including: diabetic retinopathy, retinal vascular disorder, such as venous thrombosis or arterial occlusions, age-associated macular degeneration or severe myopia.
The Department has the most advanced technology for the surgical treatment of various retina conditions:
- Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment: scleral surgery, vitrectomies or combined surgeries
- Proliferative diabetic retinopathy
- Letter Intraocular haemorrhage
- Lens luxations (secondary to trauma, collagenopathy, pseudoexfoliation syndrome...)
- Complications of cataract surgery
- Paediatric retina pathology
- Macular conditions: epiretinal membranes and macular holes
- Complex surgery in severe myopia: large macular holes, cases of maculoschisis or retinal detachment due to macular hole
- Severe eye trauma involving the choroid, retina and/or traumatic aphakia
- Rarer diseases such as maculopathy due to papillary microholes or retinal detachment due to eyelid coloboma
- Exogenous or endogenous endophthalmitis
- Ocular perforations, caustic injuries or eye infections involving the cornea, performing combined surgery with other departments, such as surgery using temporary keratoprosthetics.
The Department also has the technology required for correct differential diagnosis of tumour pathologies of the eye and to conduct multi-disciplinary exams to diagnose and monitor patients. With regard to treating choroidal melanoma, the Department performs treatment through vitrectomy, acquiring tumour samples, and through tumour endoresection, as well as plaque brachytherapy implant (local radiotherapy).
The Retina Department at Vall d'Hebron Hospital constantly works on implementing and updating protocols of action on the different diseases of the retina and vitreous. The Retina Department is highly committed to research and teaching. It stands out for its long tradition of publications and for publishing chapters in books, as well as for taking part in various national and international studies on the latest scientific advances and technological innovation, allowing us to offer our patients the latest therapeutic advances.
The clinical and basic research activity of the ophthalmology research group focuses on finding new treatments for blindness. We have a research programme in developing new therapeutic strategies based on: a) gene and cell therapies to regenerate or halt the retina degeneration process in pre-clinical models; b) eyewash formulae to discover new anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant compounds to treat retina conditions; and c) 3D retinal organoids derived from hiPSC and bioscaffolds used as models of retinal disease, both for genome editing and drug screening.
The Master's Degree in Biomedical and Translational Research is an official programme created to train researchers with the requisite combination of scientific knowledge and skills to contribute to the future success of biomedical research.
Fermín Fernández Álvarez, Porter Coordinator, explains the importance of the role these professionals play in the hospital. After 36 years at Vall d’Hebron, Fermín is a real master of the ways things are done. He says that a porter has to combine humility, discretion and safety with a single goal: that patients receive human and friendly treatment.
The constant search for excellence is part of Hospital Vall d’Hebron’s nature. The biggest hospital in Catalonia and the leader in many fields, headed since February 2015 by Dr. Vicenç Martínez Ibáñez, who has a close personal and professional relationship with the Hospital. Dr. Martínez Ibáñez says that if Vall d’Hebron did not exist, it would need to be invented. The current director trained at the hospital, where he was one of the protagonists of an historic moment: the first paediatric liver transplant in Spain. Now, he is committed to continuing this legacy and, always putting the patient first, achieving excellence across all staff.
The Neonatology Department’s Sibling Project is a workshop for the siblings of new-born babies admitted to the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit in the Vall d’Hebron Maternity and Children's Hospital. Through simulated games and situations, the project prepares them to get used to seeing their younger siblings in a hospital medical setting.