Prevention is the best option

Health tips to prevent diphtheria

Prevenció de la diftèria a Vall d'Hebron

The most effective way of avoiding the illness is vaccination. The diphtheria vaccination is highly effective and is administered as part of the Systematic Immunisation Programme in Catalonia (Programa de vacunacions sistemàtiques).


What do you need to bear in mind if you have diphtheria or you are caring for someone who does?

Diphtheria is transmitted via the respiratory tract, mainly, and also by direct contact with a sick person or a healthy carrier of the bacteria. The illness may affect the tonsils, pharynx, the larynx, the nasal mucous membrane and, much less frequently, the skin or other mucous membranes. The bacteria forms a thick grey membrane with a dark red swollen area around it, which in the case of the nose and throat may obstruct the respiratory tract.

Some people may carry the bacteria in their nose or throat. If these people are vaccinated they will not develop the illness, but they may transmit the bacterium to other people via droplets produced when they sneeze or cough. The existence of carriers in countries with no cases of the illness is very rare.

Related healthcare treatment
Related professionals
Dr. Benito
Almirante Gragera
Head of Department
Infectious Diseases
Dra. Magda
Campins Martí
Head of Department
Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology
Epidemiology and Public Health
Sr. Albert
Cortés Borra
Nursing Supervisor
Sra. Carmen
Ferrer Barbera
Nursing Supervisor
Infectious Diseases
Dr. Vicenç
Falcó Ferrer
Infectious Diseases
Dr. Adrián
Sánchez Montalvá
Dr. Israel
Molina Romero
Dr. Quique
Dr. Fernando
Salvador Vélez
Dr. Pau
Bosch Nicolau
Dr. Adrià
Curran Fàbregas
Dra. Yolanda
Sra. Desideria
Martinez Rascon
Infectious Diseases