Prevention is the best option

Health tips for patients with reconstruction of the external ear

Reconstrucció del pavelló auricular a Vall d'Hebron

Microtia is a congenital deformity in which the pinna (external ear) is undeveloped. It often requires between two and three surgical operations, at least six months apart. Health education for patients who have undergone external ear reconstruction surgery is aimed at leading a healthy life, preventing trauma to the area and following appropriate instructions and medical check-ups.


What do you need to bear in mind if you have external ear reconstruction surgery?


The advice below will help patients who have had external ear reconstruction surgery to recover:

  • We recommend you sleep with your head raised, without lying on the operated area.
  • We advise you treat the wound with an antiseptic solution and keep it clean and dry.
  • Avoid getting the area wet during your daily hygiene routine until medical personnel advise otherwise.
  • Keep the area covered to avoid blows.
  • It is very important that after the surgery you begin to move as soon as possible and gradually (avoiding pressure or shock to the operated area).
  • It is a good idea to start breathing exercises as soon as possible using the tips provided by the hospital.
  • Avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight.
  • If you notice any signs of infection (swelling, fever, redness, localised heat or pus-like secretion), bleeding, tissue damage, new or increased pain, you must go to A&E.
  • Follow a balanced diet, increasing intake of proteins where possible to encourage tissue regeneration.
  • The treatment you should follow will be given in your medical discharge report: it generally includes pain relief (to reduce pain) and antibiotics (to avoid infections).
  • You can continue living as you normally would after the operation, but during the first few months you should avoid exercise and overexertion, such as lifting heavy weights.
  • It is advised to completely abstain from the consumption of tobacco and other toxins, as they slow the healing process.


Other related health information


  • Breathing exercises
  • Nutritional Service
  • Preventive Medicine Service
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