Prevention is the best option

Health tips for patients with meningitis

Meningitis a Vall d'Hebron

Meningococcal disease (meningitis) is a serious infectious illness caused by a bacterium called “meningococcus”, which is transmitted through pharyngeal and nasal secretions.

Description

What do you need to bear in mind if you have meningitis?

 

The risk of contracting meningitis increases if you come into close contact with someone who has it (if you sleep in the same room, live in the same house, kiss on the cheek, etc.), but there is no need to disinfect objects or areas because meningococcus bacteria do not live long outside of the human body.

The measures to prevent this illness are:

  • Chemoprophylaxis (antibiotic treatment)
  • Vaccination 

With meningitis, the appropriate measure is to administer antibiotics to the family and other people who live with the affected person.

If the illness was caused by meningococcal group B, the only preventive measure, and the most common in Spain,  is chemoprophylaxis, which aims to eliminate the microorganism from the pharynx. This stops it from spreading, in the space of a few days, between the people who have taken the medication.

If the illness was caused by meningococcal group C, as well as administering chemoprophylaxis, people close to the affected person will be vaccinated if they have not already been so.

If there is evidence that someone has had intimate contact with the patient in the ten days prior to the occurrence of the disease and they have not been administered chemoprophylaxis, healthcare staff must be informed.

 
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