Prevention is the best option

Health tips on caring for patients with Asperger’s syndrome

Síndrome d'Asperger a Vall d'Hebron

Patients with Asperger’s syndrome need a stable and predictable environment that can be easily adapted. It is key to their well-being to establish routines according to their interests, organise their time, avoid inactivity or over intense activity as well as sudden changes. Although the syndrome has no cure, appropriate treatment and involving family members can improve the quality of life of patients.


What do you need to bear in mind if you are caring for someone with Asperger’s?

People with Asperger’s syndrome may have different requirements depending on their age, surroundings and the awareness that they have of their difficulties. For this reason, they need a tailor-made programme that responds to their specific case.

The aim of these customised programmes is to:

  • Promote better adaptation in patients
  • Develop social skills, taking into account the person’s interests and motivations  
  • Improve family communication
  • Establish routines
  • Promote cognitive development
  • Tackle sensory dysfunction

It is important to manage their development through different disciplines. These may include cognitive treatments, social skills programmes and occupational therapy for the patient. You also have to consider guidelines on how to resolve conflicts and how to manage pyschoeducational groups for families or caregivers.

In infants, from an emotional and attitudinal point of view, it is important to learn to identify the warning signs in their mood. In this way, we can prevent difficulties in anger management and low tolerance to frustration, since they are patients with a high degree of sensitivity to criticism. Avoid punishment as much as possible and establish more positive reinforcement strategies.

All these guidelines must be established in a space where the differences the child or adolescent presents are valued positively, including their limitations, but also their possibilities and positive aspects.

In adults, many of these characteristics continue, as Asperger’s cannot be cured. In any case, personalised treatment, involving family members and good communication with professionals can allow a better quality of life.

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