Safety in babies from 1 to 12 months
- Never leave the baby unattended on top of a changing table, bed, sofa or chair. If you are unable to hold or carry them, leave them in a safe place, such as their cot.
- Make sure that the changing table is stable, especially when the baby can crawl or walk. If you need to step away, always hold onto them with one hand.
- Before they start crawling, install gates on stairs, windows and doors.
- Always place the baby’s rocker on the floor. When the baby is bigger, hold the rocker’s legs so that it cannot fall forward.
- At bath time, hold onto the baby tight. Do it gently, but firmly and do not get distracted.
- Never leave a baby unattended near to a bathtub, pool, the sea or a vessel containing water. An infant can drown in less than 5 cm of water.
- Make sure that the water in the tub is not more than 37ºC. When you fill it up, if there is no mixer tap, first fill it with cold water and then add warm water.
To avoid burns
- Do not carry hot drinks when you are holding the baby.
- Make sure that the baby stays in the shade and protect their skin.
- Cover plug sockets, especially when they start crawling.
- Be very careful with stoves, both with regard to burns and the emission of polluting gases.
- Always use car seats and boosters appropriate to the age of the child and vehicle characteristics. Follow the manufacturer’s assembly instructions.
- Always make sure that the child and their seat are well secured.
- Put the baby in the appropriate basket or chair with the approved safety fittings, in accordance with current regulations.
- Never leave them in the car unattended!
- It is a good idea for young babies to travel facing backwards and in the back of the car, as this reduces the risk of injury. If the chair is in the front seat for some reason, turn the air bag off.
- Check that there are no loose objects in the car, as they may be thrown around and distract the driver
- Avoiding having the music volume too high or loud and repetitive noises.
- Check that the volume on toys is not too loud or acute. Better yet, check toys before buying them.
- Check that the car’s brakes function correctly.
- Check that the teats on dummies and bottles are not cracked.
- Make sure that hanging towels or cables, if pulled, do not cause objects to fall.
- Do not leave small objects within reach nor give them hard foods such as apple, carrot, popcorn or crisps,
- Be careful with bags or plastic wrap, balloons or other objects that may lead to suffocation.
- Do not leave the baby alone with pets, as their reactions are unpredictable.
- Medicines and cleaning products and toxins should be kept well out of reach.
- Do not put anything around your neck, wear large earrings or rings and do not use needles.
Passive smoking harms the baby’s health. Tobacco smoke in the air, also known as second-hand smoke, is a mixture of the smoke that smokers exhale and smoke from the passive combustion of the cigarette. Both are toxic and contain respiratory irritants and carcinogens. Tobacco smoke behaves like vapour: it hangs in the atmosphere and impregnates clothes, hair, furniture, curtains, etc. Despite having snubbed out the cigarette, the toxic elements remain in the air, which you should bear in mind when protecting your baby’s health. Therefore:
- Do not smoke at home, by the window or in any rooms, as there is no device that eliminates tobacco smoke from the environment.
- Ask visitors not to smoke in the house.
- If you smoke on the balcony or terrace, close the door into the house.
- Do not smoke in the car, even if the baby is not there.
- When you go out with the baby, avoid enclosed spaces where people are allowed to smoke.
- Do not smoke in front of the baby, even in open spaces.