Prevention is the best option

Health tips to avoid burns and their sequelae

Cremats crítics a Vall d'Hebron

Safety regulations to prevent accidents and burns have a great effect (emergency exits, installation of fire extinguishers and smoke detection systems, etc.), but they need some time for the results to be seen. Education campaigns are targeted either at specific groups of the population or specific causes, such as fire prevention campaigns for the use of pyrotechnic articles. The main problem with educational campaigns is that they are aiming to achieve a change in population behaviour, which is not always easy.


What do you need to bear in mind to prevent burns and their sequelae?

There are different ways of avoiding burns:

  • Sunbathe with sun protection and avoid exposure in the middle of the day.
  • Use plug socket covers for children.
  • Do not overload plug sockets.
  • Do not use equipment or home appliances with cables in poor condition or extension leads in poor condition.
  • Prevent children from being able to reach cables so that they cannot hurt themselves by biting them.
  • Always follow the specific safety guidelines for each electrical device.
  • Check electronic toys regularly to detect signs of wear and tear.
  • Sparking appliances should be repaired or thrown away, as should those that overheat when turned on or smell odd.
  • Electric heaters should be placed at least one metre away from beds, curtains or any other flammable object.
  • Fire retardant sleepwear (polyester or treated cotton) should be used. Generally, clothing that is not classified as sleepwear is not fire retardant.
  • Explain to little ones that glass doors on ovens or fireplaces can get very hot and burn you, so they are not to touch them.
  • Do not leave children alone in the kitchen if someone is cooking. Keep children away from the hob or ceramic rings.
  • Turn pan handles so that they do not stick out and such that children cannot reach them.
  • You should not be holding or carrying a child while you are cooking.
  • Do not drink hot drinks with a child on your lap.
  • Do not carry hot liquids if you do not know where your children are, to avoid stumbling.
  • The hot water thermostat should be set at 49°C or a low-medium level.
  • Always check bath water temperature before putting your child in.
  • Always turn on the cold tap before the hot tap and turn off the cold before turning off the hot. 
  • In the bathtub, children should be placed with their back to the tap, so that it is less likely that they will accidentally turn on the hot water.
  • Disconnect electrical devices in the bathroom when they are not in use.
  • Avoid using steam therapy. Its effectiveness has not been proven, but its association with the risk of being burned has, especially in children under three years.
  • No home fire (fireplace, barbecue, fondue) should be lit or revived by throwing flammable liquid directly from the bottle (for example, fuel alcohol).
  • Do not use petrol to light a fireplace or barbecue. There are systems especially designed for this purpose.
  • Have chimneys cleaned regularly.
  • Do not smoke in bed, especially if you are tired or taking medication that makes you drowsy.
  • Candles should not be lit at bed time. 
  • Lighters, matches, chemicals and candles must be kept out of the reach of children. If necessary, locks or security systems may be placed on cupboards where cleaning products are stored.
  • Always store cleaning products or similar in their original containers, never in plastic milk or water bottles.
  • Always follows the instructions for use when using chemical products.
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