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Bronchoscopy

Broncoscòpia a Vall d'Hebron

The bronchoscopy is a test that is used to explore the respiratory tract: larynx, trachea and larger bronchi. This scan allows us to get samples of respiratory tissue or secretions. Analysis of these samples gives us a diagnosis of the disease. Also, bronchoscopy is used for therapeutic purposes, such as extracting foreign bodies from the airway or removing secretions that may prevent or hinder breathing.

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Description

What is it for?

Bronchoscopy is used to diagnose lung problems, by observing the respiratory tract or taking samples for biopsies. This procedure can be carried out using several techniques:

  • Biopsies: to collect samples for analysis
  • Injecting the ganglia
  • Aspiration (sucking up) of secretions
  • Bronchoalveolar cleansing
  • Bronchial brushing
  • Placing stents

 

How does it work?

Usually, before the test is performed, anaesthesia is administered to the nostrils and the pharynx, in order to avoid any discomfort that might be caused by the test. Then the bronchoscope is inserted through the nostrils or the mouth, which must pass the vocal cords, the trachea and the bronchi. As the device progresses down, local anaesthesia is added to avoid discomfort.

During the exploration, the doctor can take samples, clean the area or even place stents, if necessary.

 

Risks

The most common risks:

  • Bleeding due to biopsies
  • Infections

The least common:

  • Arrhythmias
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Fever
  • Heart attack
  • Pneumothorax
  • Sore throat

It is very important the patient not ingest any food and drink until they have regained their gag reflex, as they may be at risk of choking.

 

 

Healthcare specialisations
Related professionals
Dr. Mario
Culebras Amigo
Dr. Jaume Joan
Ferrer Sancho
Head of Department
Pneumology
Dr. Maria Luiza
De Souza Galvão
Medical Coordinator
Pneumology
Sra. Laia
Vilalta Amblàs
 
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